Meningitis is inflammation of the meninges caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi, intoxication, drugs. The one produced by viruses is the most common and frequent, the least worrying and the one with the best prognosis. Apart from this infection, the rest of the infections caused by bacteria or fungi can be much more serious. They can cause people to die.
In this article, we will focus on meningococcal meningitis. It is most common in children, adolescents and also in immunocompromised persons. Meningitis can be differentiated only by certain symptoms. It can be bacterial or viral, which is why you should go to a medical center if there are any suspicions.
Why does meningococcal meningitis appear?
It occurs because of meningococcal bacteria. As I said before, it is most common in children aged 1-5 years and teenagers. For this reason, outbreaks can occur in schools, kindergartens, schools, etc.
In some cases, it can remain in a person’s throat without producing any symptoms. It can be easily transmitted to another person and can cause the disease.
Meningococcal meningitis can cause a generalized infection, causing a condition called meningococcal sepsis, or it can affect and exclusively the nervous system, causing meningitis (inflammation of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord – the meninges).
An important risk factor may be due to a higher respiratory infection. This type of meningitis can be of several types: A, B, C, and others, although the most common is type B.
The symptoms of meningitis can be the following:
- Some people may suffer from a sudden onset of this disease
- Another symptom may be femora. It can be between 39-40ºC and chills.
- Photophobia (sensitivity to light).
- Altered consciousness
- Intense headache can be another important symptom
- Neck and head arched back, or neck stiff
- Rapid breathing is also considered a symptom
- The red/purple spots on the skin that appear on the body after a few hours and do not disappear when pressure is applied to them.